This page was last modified on 14 December 2016, at 19:24.
|Source model||Open source|
6 November 2003</ref>
|Latest release||25 (22 нNovember 2016)|
|Platforms||x86, ARM, i686[d], POWER, MIPS, IBM System/390 и x86-64|
|License||Various free software licenses, plus proprietary firmware files|
Fedora - freeware (free) operating system based on Linux. This project is supported by Red Hat, as well as a sufficiently large community. Fedora is a basis for such distribution as the Red Hat Enterprise Linux, this is understandable, as the developer of this distribution is the company Red Hat.
Developers and Fedora community based on four principles, namely:
- Freedom -software should be free and accessible;
- Friends - community - a great force for the promotion and development of the software;
- Freedom - the creation of new technological opportunities, striving for the best;
- First - introduction of the new technologies and software products, the pursuit of innovation.
- This operating system supports many languages, including Russian, and it supports the most common platform, such as the i686 and x86-64.
- The environment of the default desktop is GNOME, also developers offer KDE, LXDE, XFCE and MATE.
- If we talk about the system requirements, they are not significant, for example, for the normal functioning of the operating system requires 1 GB of RAM, about 10 gigabytes of free hard disk space, processor 1 GHz or higher and a resolution of 800x600 or higher screen.
- The distribution is designed for those who like to work with the latest software. Changes designed for Red Hat Enterprise Linux, first held run-in this distribution. Due to license restrictions there is no support for MP3 and DivX. Nevertheless, there is sufficient additional repositories eliminate this inconvenience and containing a large number of additional programs. According to statistics from DistroWatch, the distribution is very popular among users. At the same time 2 latest versions support.
Repositories are compatible with Fedora
These repositories are informal and not always compatible with each other, although they are compatible with Fedora:
- RPM Fusion — is a fusion of repositories Livna, Freshrpms, Dribble for Fedora and Red Hat Enterprise Linux.
- RussianFedora - is the repository containing specific Russian user program, some corrected version is not included in the upstream and proprietary software and drivers.
The Fedora Project was created in late 2003, when Red Hat Linux was discontinued. Red Hat Enterprise Linux was to be Red Hat's only officially supported Linux distribution, while Fedora was to be a community distribution. Red Hat Enterprise Linux branches its releases from versions of Fedora.
The name of Fedora derives from Fedora Linux, a volunteer project that provided extra software for the Red Hat Linux distribution, and from the characteristic fedora hat used in Red Hat's "Shadowman" logo. Warren Togami began Fedora Linux in 2002 as an undergraduate project at the University of Hawaii, intended to provide a single repository for well-tested third-party software packages so that non-Red Hat software would be easier to find, develop, and use. The key of Fedora Linux and Red Hat Linux was that Fedora's repository development would be collaborative with the global volunteer community. Fedora Linux was eventually absorbed into the Fedora Project, carrying with it this collaborative approach.
Before Fedora 7, Fedora was called Fedora Core after the name of one of the two main software repositories - Core and Extras (EPEL stands for Extra Packages for Enterprise Linux). Fedora Core contained all the base packages that were required by the operating system, as well as other packages that were distributed along with the installation CD/DVDs, and was maintained only by Red Hat developers. Fedora Extras, the secondary repository that had been included since Fedora Core 3, was community-maintained and not distributed along with the installation CD/DVDs. Upon the release of Fedora 7, the distinction between Fedora Core and Fedora Extras was eliminated.
Fedora is a trademark of Red Hat, Inc. Red Hat's application for trademark status for the name "Fedora" was disputed by Cornell University and the University of Virginia Library, creators of the unrelated Fedora Commons digital repository management software. The issue was resolved and the parties settled on a co-existence agreement that stated that the Cornell-UVA project could use the name when clearly associated with open source software for digital object repository systems and that Red Hat could use the name when it was clearly associated with open source computer operating systems.